Tashkent Chemical Technological Institute, Uzbekistan
Сравнительный анализ семантических и структурных особенностей сложных глаголов в современном английском и узбекском языках
Замонавий инглиз ва ўзбек тилларида мураккаб феълларнинг семантик ва таркибий қисмларининг қиёсий таҳлили
Foreign languages are absolutely necessary for us nowadays because of our growing international contacts with all the countries of the world.Learning foreign languages is compulsory in all the secondary and higher schools in our country. English is a very popular language. People use it in many parts of the world and there is a lot of business correspondence and literature in English.
A compound verb is a single verb made up of more than one word.
A compound verb is a combination of two verbs: 1) A so-called “auxiliary” verb – meaning, basically, an “additional” verb, and 2) a participle – past or present – that is essentially the “main” verb and that follows the auxiliary verb. For example:
Sarah was walking to the store when it started to rain.
“Walking” is the present participle (of “to walk”), and “was” is the auxiliary verb used in addition to “walking” (which is the main activity), to indicate that the walking Sarah did was ongoing.
In Uzbek language also the compound verb is a single verb made up of more than one word. The compound verb is a combination of two verbs:
1)Verb+ verb:sarfetmoq, taqetmoq, olibkelmoq, olibbormoq,sotibolmoq, bunyodetmoq etc.
2) Noun+verb, Adective+verb, numerals+verb :bayonqilmoq, turmushqurmoq, bayramqilmoq, javobayladi, javobqildi, javobberdi, tarbiyaqilmoq, Eskiqilmoq, birbo’moq etc.
In Uzbek language the compound verb (Noun+verb) may be combined second part. Compounds with linking elements represented by preposition, conjunction, particle or some categorical form :bordi-keldi, qizquvdietc. in Uzbek
Word building by the ways of affixation and word combination is of no importance form the point of view of foreign language teaching, because foreign language learners do not create new words in their speech, they use ready words.
The usage of compound verbs in fiction:
- “Television has, it would seem, an irresistible ability to brainwash and narcotize children, drawing them away from other, more worthwhile activities and influences.”
(David Buckingham, “A Special Audience? Children and Television.” A Companion to Television, ed. by Janet Wasko. Blackwell, 2006)
- “After lunch Dos Passos and the Fitzgeralds, who had rented a scarlet touring car and chauffeur, househunted on Long Island.”(Sally Cline, Zelda Fitzgerald: Her Voice in Paradise. Arcade, 2004)
- “Barely awake, he moved through the darkness, automatically went through the motions of emptying his bladder, sleep-walked his way back through his familiar kingdom, and unthinkingly pushed open the bedroom door.”(Olga Grushin, The Dream Life of Sukhanov. Penguin, 2007)